Sunday, March 29

Healthcare Outside of the us

Healthcare Elsewhere
Clearly, healthcare within the us has some areas for improvement. But how does it compare to healthcare in other countries? many of us within the us are keen on saying that this country has the simplest healthcare within the world, and while it’s true that the us features a higher quality of care available than many peripheral or semi-peripheral nations, it’s not necessarily the “best within the world.” during a report on how U.S. healthcare compares thereto of other countries, researchers found that the us does “relatively well in some areas—such as cancer care—and less well in others—such as mortality from conditions amenable to prevention and treatment” (Docteur and Berenson 2009).

One critique of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is that it’ll create a system of socialized medicine, a term that for several people within the us has negative connotations lingering from the conflict era and earlier. Under a socialized medicine system, the govt owns and runs the system. It employs the doctors, nurses, and other staff, and it owns and runs the hospitals (Klein 2009). the simplest example of socialized medicine is in Great Britain, where the National Health System (NHS) gives free healthcare to all or any its residents. And despite some U.S. citizens’ knee-jerk reaction to any healthcare changes that hint of socialism, the us has one socialized system with the Veterans Health Administration.

It is important to differentiate between socialized medicine, during which the govt owns the healthcare system, and universal healthcare, which is just a system that guarantees healthcare coverage for everybody . Germany, Singapore, and Canada all have universal healthcare. People often look to Canada’s universal healthcare system, Medicare, as a model for the system. In Canada, healthcare is publicly funded and is run by the separate provincial and territorial governments. However, the care itself comes from private providers. this is often the most difference between universal healthcare and socialized medicine. The Canada Health Act of 1970 required that each one insurance plans must be “available to all or any eligible Canadian residents, comprehensive in coverage, accessible, portable among provinces, and publicly administered” (International Health Systems Canada 2010).

Heated discussions about socialization of drugs and managed-care options seem frivolous in comparison with the problems of healthcare systems in developing or underdeveloped countries. In many countries, per capita income is so low, and governments are so fractured, that healthcare as we all know it’s virtually non-existent. Care that folks in developed countries deem granted—like hospitals, healthcare workers, immunizations, antibiotics and other medications, and even sanitary water for drinking and washing—are unavailable to much of the population. Organizations like Doctors borderless , UNICEF, and therefore the World Health Organization have played a crucial role in helping these countries get their most elementary health needs met.

WHO, which is that the health arm of the United Nations , set eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2000 with the aim of reaching these goals by 2015. a number of the goals deal more broadly with the socioeconomic factors that influence health, but MDGs 4, 5, and 6 all relate specifically to large-scale health concerns, the likes of which most of the people within the us will never contemplate. MDG 4 is to scale back child mortality, MDG 5 aims to enhance maternal health, and MDG 6 strives to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases. The goals might not seem particularly dramatic, but the numbers behind them show how serious they’re .

For MDG 4, the WHO reports that 2009 infant deathrate rates in “children under 5 years old within the WHO African Region (127 per 1000 live births) and in low-income countries (117 per 1000 live births) [had dropped], but they were still above the 1990 global level of 89 per 1000 live births” (World Health Organization 2011). the very fact that these deaths could are avoided through appropriate medicine and clean beverage shows the importance of healthcare.

Much progress has been made on MDG 5, with maternal deaths decreasing by 34 percent. However, most maternal deaths occurred in developing countries, with the African region still experiencing high numbers (World Health Organization 2011).

On MDG 6, the WHO is seeing some decreases in per capita incidence rates of malaria, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, and other diseases. However, the decreases are often offset by population increases (World Health Organization 2011). Again, the lowest-income countries, especially within the African region, experience the worst problems with disease. a crucial component of disease prevention and control is epidemiology, or the study of the incidence, distribution, and possible control of diseases. Fear of Ebola contamination, primarily in Western Africa but also to a smaller degree within the us , became national news within the summer and fall of 2014.